Difference between KRA and KPI

Difference between KRA and KPI

Published On: 4th December 2023 | Updated On: 4th December 2023

In the realm of performance management and goal setting, the terms KRA (Key Result Area) and KPI (Key Performance Indicator) are frequently used, but they serve distinct purposes in an organisation's performance evaluation and strategic planning. In this comprehensive guide, we'll delve into the difference between KRA and KPI, explore what KPI and KRA stand for, provide KRA and KPI examples, and discuss their significance in assessing and improving employee performance.

What Is KPI and KRA?

Before we dive into the distinctions, let's establish a clear understanding of what KPI and KRA signify:

  • KPI (Key Performance Indicator): KPIs are measurable values that help organisations gauge their performance and progress toward achieving specific goals. They are quantifiable, providing a concrete way to assess success and identify areas that need improvement. KPIs are typically aligned with an organisation's strategic objectives and serve as benchmarks to track progress.
  • KRA (Key Result Area): KRAs, on the other hand, define the areas or domains in which an employee's performance is evaluated. They set the scope for an employee's responsibilities and provide a framework for assessing their contribution to the organisation. KRAs are broader in scope than KPIs and are often linked to an employee's job description and role within the organisation.

Difference Between KRA and KPI

Scope and Focus:

  • KRA: KRAs are broad and define the primary areas of an employee's responsibilities within their role. They encompass the critical aspects of the job, providing a holistic view of what an employee is expected to achieve.
  • KPI: KPIs are more specific and focused on quantifiable performance metrics. They provide a narrow, measurable perspective on an employee's or an organisation's performance within a particular area.


  • KRA: KRAs are not inherently measurable. They serve as overarching objectives that may include multiple KPIs within them.
  • KPI: KPIs are inherently measurable, often represented as numerical values or percentages. They provide precise data on performance.

Alignment with Goals:

  • KRA: KRAs are aligned with an employee's job description and are directly related to their role within the organisation. They may also align with the organisation's broader goals.
  • KPI: KPIs are directly aligned with an organisation's strategic goals and objectives. They measure progress toward achieving these goals.


  • KRA Examples: KRAs for a sales manager could include "Increase revenue from existing clients by 15%," "Improve team collaboration and communication," or "Enhance customer satisfaction levels."
  • KPI Examples: KPIs within the sales manager's KRA might include "Achieve a monthly sales target of $100,000," "Maintain a client retention rate of 90%," or "Reduce average response time to customer inquiries to less than 2 hours."

Performance Evaluation:

  • KRA: KRAs provide a framework for assessing an employee's overall performance within their role. They offer a broader view of how an employee contributes to the organisation.
  • KPI: KPIs are used to evaluate specific aspects of an employee's performance. They provide a more granular assessment of how well an employee is meeting particular targets or objectives.

Frequency of Measurement:

  • KRA: KRAs are typically evaluated annually or semi-annually as part of performance appraisals. They offer a long-term perspective on an employee's performance.
  • KPI: KPIs are often measured more frequently, such as monthly or quarterly, to track progress and make timely adjustments to strategies and tactics.

KRA and KPI Examples

Let's explore some real-world examples to illustrate the difference between KRAs and KPIs:

Example 1: Sales Manager

KRA: Improve overall team performance and achieve revenue growth.


  • Achieve a monthly sales target of ₹100,000.
  • Increase the average deal size by 10%.
  • Reduce the sales cycle duration by 15%.
  • Maintain a client retention rate of 90%.

Example 2: Marketing Manager

KRA: Enhance brand visibility and drive customer engagement.


  • Increase website traffic by 20% within the next quarter.
  • Achieve a click-through rate (CTR) of 5% in email marketing campaigns.
  • Attain a social media engagement rate of 3% on all platforms.
  • Generate 1,000 leads per month through inbound marketing efforts.

Example 3: Human Resources Manager

KRA: Enhance employee satisfaction and retention.


  • Conduct quarterly employee satisfaction surveys with a participation rate of 85%.
  • Achieve an annual employee turnover rate of less than 10%.
  • Implement three professional development programs for employees annually.
  • Reduce the time-to-fill for open positions to 30 days or less.

KRA Points and Employees

Incorporating KRAs and KPIs into your organisation's performance management system can yield several benefits:

  • Clarity of Expectations: KRAs provide employees with clear expectations about their roles and responsibilities, reducing confusion and enhancing job satisfaction.
  • Goal Alignment: KPIs align employees' efforts with the organisation's strategic goals, ensuring that everyone is working toward the same objectives.
  • Performance Improvement: KPIs allow organisations to identify areas where performance may be lagging and take corrective actions promptly.
  • Individual Growth: KRAs and KPIs offer opportunities for employees to develop new skills and improve their performance.
  • Accountability: KPIs establish accountability by providing measurable targets that employees are responsible for achieving.
  • Motivation: Achieving KPIs can motivate employees and boost morale as they see their contributions directly impacting the organisation's success.


Both KRA and KPI are integral to performance management, they serve different purposes. KRAs define the broader areas of responsibility for employees, while KPIs provide quantifiable metrics to measure performance within those areas. By incorporating both KRAs and KPIs into your organisation's performance evaluation process, you can effectively assess and improve employee performance, align efforts with strategic goals, and drive overall organisational success. SoME communication courses can help you boost your speaking skills and improve your professional growth.

Recent Blogs


Your account has been created.