Role of Communication in Effective Public Speaking

Role of Communication in Effective Public Speaking

Published On: 28th November 2022 | Updated On: 1st December 2022

Public speaking is something that almost everyone experiences at some point in their lives. It might be giving an important presentation at work, or it might be standing up to give your graduation speech at college. Public speaking can be terrifying, but it doesn’t have to be so bad! You just need to know the ins and outs of confidence in public speaking so that you’ll know what to expect and how to perform better when the time comes for you to stand up in front of people and deliver an important speech or presentation.

10 Roles of Communication in Effective Public Speaking

1) Attention

Public speaking can be a nerve-wracking experience, but it is also a great opportunity to share your thoughts with the world. You can use public speaking as an opportunity to express your views and opinions to a group or audience, and you can use it as an educational tool for others. To make sure that you can effectively communicate during public speaking, there are many different things that you will want to do such as knowing how the speech should be organized, using gestures appropriately, maintaining eye contact with the audience, projecting your voice well, and more.

The following are the roles of communication in effective public speaking:

  1. Knowing how to organize the speech so that it flows from one point to another smoothly.
  2. Using gestures appropriately so that they convey meaning without distracting from what is being said.
  3. Maintaining eye contact with the audience, which shows interest in them and helps keep attention on the speaker.
  4. Projecting one's voice well so that people who are further away can hear what is being said easily.
  5. Using pauses effectively by inserting them after every thought or sentence is spoken rather than rushing through everything quickly not only makes people wait longer before they get their turn to speak but also creates confusion when they don't know where a sentence started and ended.

2) Distraction

We all know that public speaking is not an easy task. It takes great preparation, incredible content, and a lot of confidence to be successful. Many distractions can make the speaker lose his or her audience, but here are the top 10 ways for a speaker to avoid distractions:

Preparation - Preparation is key to delivering a successful presentation. A lot of time should be spent on creating an outline and practicing it until it flows easily from one point to the next.

Confidence is also essential for delivering a successful speech. The more confident you are, the less likely you will be distracted by doubts or fear about what others might think about your presentation.

3) Interest

Communication is the most important aspect when it comes to public speaking. The audience needs to feel engaged and be able to understand what you're saying for your speech to be effective.

Here are the roles of communication that are essential for effective public speaking:

  1. Confidence - the audience needs to know that you believe in what you're talking about so they'll believe it too.
  2. Vocabulary - having a good vocabulary will allow the speaker to use more words, which will keep the listener interested.
  3. Gestures - gesturing makes your speech engaging and helps make your point stand out.
  4. Voice - speaking loudly with proper volume is imperative.
  5. Eye contact - eye contact allows the speaker to maintain focus on their listeners and vice versa, while also adding intensity to their message.
  6. Pacing - slowing down or speeding up your pace can emphasize different parts of your speech or create suspenseful moments.
  7. Clarity - this includes being able to speak as well as avoiding superfluous sounds like um and uh.
  8. Breathing - this may seem obvious but you need to make sure you don't run out of breath during your speech!
  9. Pauses- taking pauses keeps things from getting monotonous by giving the audience a chance for reflection.

4) Get Involved

Effective public speaking communication relies on the speaker's ability to use both verbal and nonverbal communication. Verbal communication includes vocal quality, volume, rate, and articulation.

Nonverbal communication refers to gestures, posture, facial expressions, and eye contact. To create an engaging presentation that maintains the audience's attention span, a speaker must combine these two types of communication.

They also need to think about their goals for the speech, then develop their content accordingly. They should practice giving their speech beforehand so they are familiar with it and have time to work out any problems.

When delivering their speech, they should engage the audience by asking questions or inviting them to participate. Finally, when they finish speaking they should summarize what was discussed so that listeners understand how it relates to their lives.

5) Communicate Often

Effective public speaking communication is about more than just what you say. It's also about how you say it. Many factors go into making a successful presentation, including the visual and physical aspects, but without effective communication, your audience will not follow along with your message. Effective communication is essential to any good speaker.

Many elements go into an effective public speaking performance, but without effective communication, everything else falls apart. For example, if a speaker cannot communicate effectively visually or physically for example through gestures.

Good speakers must also be able to communicate verbally for the speech to have an impact on their listeners and convey their message successfully.

6) Listen

Effective public speaking communication is more than just what you say. It also includes how you listen, your facial expressions, and your body language. To be an effective speaker, you must be able to communicate with the audience through all these channels. In other words, if you're giving a presentation and it's not very interesting to watch or listen to (due to poor body language or worse), chances are that it won't be very interesting for your audience either. Here are some tips on how to effectively communicate with your audience:

First and foremost, always remember that there is an audience out there listening and watching every move you make. Remembering this will help keep you focused on what they need and want from the presentation rather than what you think they should get from it. -Next, practice making eye contact with the audience when talking about something important so that they know you care about them hearing about it.

Furthermore, use a range of different gestures during your speech such as pointing at people and using hand motions to show what you mean when talking about complex topics.

Additionally, avoid using filler phrases like um or like while speaking as they can give off a lackadaisical attitude.

Moreover, talk slower than normal to ensure comprehension by those who might not understand English fluently.

Finally, focus on changing up your voice inflection depending on the topic being discussed, and always smile!

7) Feedback

The first step to improving public speaking skills is to connect with your audience. When delivering a speech, it is important that you have eye contact with those listening to you and that you speak at a volume that they can hear.

Some people tend to speak too loudly when they are nervous, but this makes it difficult for their audience to listen. In addition, if you do not appear engaged with your topic and your audience, then your speech will likely lack impact.

The second step to improving public speaking skills is clarity. It is important that every word spoken be clearly understood by the listener so that he or she may follow along without distraction or confusion. The third role is charisma. To make an effective speech, one must be able to captivate their listeners. Charisma is what sets some speakers apart from others.

A speaker’s ability to convince their listeners of an idea, entertain them with humor, or even just keep them interested through compelling storytelling are all forms of charisma. The fourth role is emotionality. A good public speaker needs to know how best to convey emotion during his or her speech to maintain interest in what he/she has to say and also because strong emotion tends to evoke strong emotions from the audience as well.

8) Respond

Communication is an essential component of effective public speaking. Effective public speakers create messages that are clear, concise, and persuasive. They do this by using the following roles of communication:

Communication is a process between two or more people.

  1. Effective communicators take responsibility for their messages.
  2. Effective communicators acknowledge their audiences' cultural and social backgrounds.
  3. Effective communicators create messages that are clear, concise, and persuasive. -Effective communicators use a variety of communication skills to deliver their messages with clarity and credibility.
  4. Effective communicators listen actively and ask questions when they don't understand what's being said.
  5. Effective communicators communicate openly about difficult topics in ways that are respectful to all parties involved.

9) Speak Clearly

To effectively communicate, you need to make sure you are speaking clearly and using language that your audience will understand. Speak at a normal volume and enunciate words so people can understand what you are saying.

If you have an accent, speak slowly so people can easily comprehend your message. If English is not your first language, try to use a translator or a professional interpreter. You should also avoid making any grammatical mistakes as this will only confuse listeners.

Be aware of how the tone of your voice impacts the meaning behind the words you are speaking; for example, if you sound angry people might think that what you're saying is important when it may just be about something trivial. However, if you sound sad then people might take your words more seriously because they assume that the emotion means that you are telling them something important.

Similarly, eye contact is important because it allows both parties to read one another's expressions. A lack of eye contact can cause a speaker's emotions to go unread which can result in an ineffective communication process.

Eye contact shows empathy and understanding which strengthens relationships with others (Edelman). It's also easier for listeners to concentrate on what someone is saying when they maintain eye contact rather than looking around everywhere else (Howcast).

10) Practice

Public speaking is a valuable and important skill for everyone, but it's not easy. To be an effective public speaker, you need to be able to use different types of communication. You can't just rely on one or two; you need all ten!

The words coming out of your mouth are the backbone of any speech. This means your voice needs to be clear and audible enough so that the audience can hear you. You also need to speak at a pace that allows the audience time to process what they're hearing. Plus, if you're reading from a script, make sure that it's easy for people to read and follow along with what you're saying.

Ten to take your public speaking from boring to bone-chilling

The ability to speak confidently in front of an audience can be an incredibly valuable skill – whether you're trying to win over new clients, pitch investors, or just make some people laugh at your office Christmas party.

While it’s one of the most important skills you could ever master, public speaking can be a daunting prospect for anyone who doesn’t practice it often enough. Here are ten tips to take your public speaking from boring to bone-chilling in no time at all!

Start with a bang

The ability to speak in front of an audience is a skill that many people lack. It is for this reason that we have put together some tips on how you can go about improving the quality of your public speaking and making it something people want to listen to.

#1: Know what you're talking about - The best speakers are those who know the topic they are discussing inside and out, or at least enough so they can provide an informed opinion.

#2: Give a purpose - You don't just want to talk at people, you want them to do something afterward so give them a call to action!

#3: Be emotional - If you want people's attention, use emotion instead of facts and figures.

Use strong body language

One of the best ways to make a speech more memorable is by using strong body language. Research has shown that people tend to remember what they see, not just what they hear. Think about how much more impactful Martin Luther King Jr's I have a dream speech would have been if he had been standing there limp and lifeless. When you're giving a speech, try these seven techniques for standing up tall and making eye contact with your audience:

  1. Face the audience when you speak
  2. Maintain consistent eye contact
  3. Use gestures appropriately
  4. Stand upright
  5. Step away from the podium
  6. Look confident
  7. Smile at your audience occasionally

Make eye contact

It may seem like a small detail, but eye contact is the single most important thing you can do when speaking in front of an audience. Whether you're presenting or just having a casual conversation, you must maintain appropriate eye contact with the person or people you're talking to.

If you need to look away for a few moments to gather thoughts or present visual aids, make sure you glance back at them periodically while talking. It will help them feel connected and engaged with what you are saying and create a personal connection between the two of you. Eye contact is also key if you want the listeners to believe what you are telling them. Use gestures: Gestures are another way to involve your audience and get them involved in what you're saying. Not only does gesturing illustrate body language which helps paint a better picture, but it also forces listeners not to zone out by keeping their attention on hand motions instead of wandering thoughts.

A gesture toward any points on slides or visuals used during the speech as well as your notes on paper if needed. Engage emotionally: One of the best ways to hook your audience into listening (and believing) is by getting emotional about what you're discussing.

Use vivid language

  1. Speak from the heart and be passionate about what you're talking about. People can tell when you don't believe in what you're saying and it turns them off. They want someone excited about their message, not someone who's just trying to get a paycheck for the day.
  2. Dress for success - wear clothes that say I mean business. You want people to respect you and trust that you know what you're talking about so they'll listen to your advice or buy whatever product or service it is that you are offering, so dress appropriately. It doesn't have to be a suit unless you work in an office but at least dress like you care about how you look and feel.
  3. Get pumped up with some music before the speech: One of my favorite ways to pump myself up before I go on stage is by listening to Eminem Lose Yourself. The lyrics are awesome and they remind me of why I do this job; it helps me focus on getting my point across as best as possible.

Tell stories

Speaking in front of crowds is a daunting task and one that many people struggle with. Thankfully, it's not too difficult to become an effective speaker. In the first section, I'll discuss three things you should do before the talk.

First, consider what you want your audience to walk away with after listening to you speak. What do you want them to think about when they leave the room? What are their thoughts on what you're saying? Write down these points so that you can remember them as well as make them clear for others who may be listening in on your presentation.

Next, be sure that everything is in order before presenting. You don't want anything distracting from the content of what you're saying! Finally, practice!

Be authentic

Public speaking is one of the most important skills for leaders and entrepreneurs. It's a skill that many people find themselves lacking. I used to be scared of it too. When I was about 12, I had the opportunity to go on stage and speak in front of 400 people during a talent show at school.

My heart was racing, my palms were sweaty, and my mind was blank as I walked onto the stage. It felt like my life depended on what came out of my mouth next, but once I started talking everything became okay.

Even though it wasn't perfect or anything close to perfect, it felt good when I finished and knew that I survived something that terrified me just a few minutes before. But then a few months later I watched an amazing speaker talk about his life journey, how he overcame adversity and then delivered the best keynote speech ever. Suddenly there was no comparison; he left me feeling less than inspired by my performance only months earlier.

I'll never forget how his words stayed with me throughout the day and would give speeches myself with more enthusiasm because of him. He taught me to have confidence in myself while also being authentic which is what all great speakers do.

Use props

Public speaking is a skill, like any other. You can improve it with practice and by taking some risks. Here are ten ways to make your next speech more exciting:

  1. Practice, practice, practice.
  2. Stand still and don't fidget.
  3. Use props for visual aids like pictures or drawings.
  4. Try not to use slides or visuals on the screen so you don't get caught looking at them instead of interacting with the audience.
  5. If you're introducing someone in front of a big group, remember that a handshake is enough--don't give an elaborate greeting or hug if you're going to be standing up there for five minutes telling them about themselves!
  6. Smile. Your audience will respond well to seeing a confident speaker who enjoys talking.
  7. Project your voice without shouting and enunciate every word.
  8. Resist using too many mums or likes.
  9. Prepare scripts ahead of time, but then try not to read them word for word during the presentation.
  10. Change things up with jokes or personal anecdotes that relate to what you're talking about--everyone loves hearing success stories!

Dress the part

Whether you are giving a speech, giving an interview, or presenting at a conference, one of the best ways to get people's attention is with how you look. The way you dress and present yourself will not only help you feel more confident but also make it easier for others to focus on what you're saying rather than who you are. Here are ten tips for dressing the part when it comes to public speaking:

  1. Create an outfit that is tailored specifically for the event and time of day. Keep colors dark enough that they don't glare in photos or distract viewers. Wear clothes that fit well and aren't too tight or loose; keep jewelry minimal as well. And lastly, try not to wear black--especially if you are presenting--because it can create a visual distraction against your backdrop.
  2. Dressing up doesn't have to be expensive either! Check out thrift stores, department store clearance racks, flea markets, and consignment shops for bargain deals and unique finds. You never know what treasures await!
  3. Avoid distracting prints like leopard print, large flower prints, and loud florals. Stick with basic solids or stripes instead.
  4. Don't forget accessories!

Practice, practice, practice

Practice is the simplest, yet most powerful tool in the speaker's arsenal. You must practice in front of as many people as possible. Audience members are a great resource for feedback on what does and doesn't work.

You'll also want to practice your content ahead of time, so you know exactly what you're going to say and when you're going to say it. This way, you won't have any surprises during the actual speech that will cause you to lose your train of thought or be thrown off balance.

Practicing with props is another important part of effective speaking. If it's appropriate for the topic at hand and there is an easy way to incorporate it into the speech, make sure and use it!

Embrace your nerves

The first thing you can do is embrace the nerves. They're a natural part of being in front of an audience, and trying to resist them will only make you more nervous. Instead, acknowledge the feeling of nervousness and think about what caused it.

Was it the thought that people might not like you? That they might laugh at you? That they might disagree with what you have to say? Whatever it is, know that this fear is normal and that many people feel the same way. Knowing that there's nothing wrong with feeling anxious before giving a speech will help put things into perspective.


Public speaking is a scary experience for most people, but by employing these 10 tips, you’ll be able to convince even the most skeptical of audiences that you are the go-to expert in your industry. From practicing your speech out loud to writing down and memorizing your key points, these tips will show you that speaking in front of an audience isn’t nearly as bad as it seems!

Our School of Meaningful Experiences (SoME) creates and delivers transformative communication programs designed to meet the workplace challenges of the post-pandemic 21st century.  We strongly believe effective, assertive, and empathetic Communication skills will enable our learners to present themselves confidently, manage conflicts betters, collaborate capably, and become tomorrow's competent professionals and leaders.

We are an industry-leading education provider with a strong track record for excellence in delivering customized training solutions to meet your needs at an affordable price point. Our services range from 1-on-1 coaching to large group workshops depending on your needs and budget; we are here to help! If you're looking for some personal development or want to improve your communication skills then check us out.


What is the role of effective speaking?

Effective speaking is the ability to deliver a message in a way that is understandable, interesting, and engaging. Effective speakers can maintain the attention of their audience and encourage them to think about what is being said.

What is public speaking in communication skills?

Public speaking is the act of presenting a formal talk or lecture before an audience. Public speakers do not need to be experts in their field, but they must be able to present information, confidently, and with conviction.

Public speaking can be a terrifying thing for many people. You must be well-prepared when you stand up in front of others. The following ten tips will help improve your public speaking skills.

What is effective communication?

Effective communication is the process of communicating ideas or feelings in a way that can be understood by the receiver. When you speak, you communicate with words, facial expressions, tone, and body language. Effective communication program starts before the words are even spoken.

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